Mayo Clinic Critical and Neurocritical Care Board Review

Mayo Clinic Critical and Neurocritical Care Board Review
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ISBN: 9780190862923
Anul publicării: 2020
Pagini: 952

DESCRIERE

Mayo Clinic Critical and Neurocritical Care Board Review is an all-inclusive review of the pathophysiology and care of the neurocritically ill and critically ill patient. The book reviews the core major critical care and neurocritical care disorders, underlying pathophysiology, treatment decisions with questions and answers for self-directed study and board review purposes. The text is succinct, to the point, relevant, informative, and up-to-date with information from recent clinical trials and facts based on evidence-based medicine. The references are up-to-date and include the most recent critical care guidelines for further study.
The book is written and closely supervised by experienced Mayo Clinic faculty and reviewed in detail by the editors. The book is suitable for self-study towards neurocritical care boards and a number of critical care board examinations and certification exams. Tables, explanatory drawings, and bullet points are used throughout the text for high-yield learning.
 
  • Includes detailed explanations of the complex mechanisms of acute brain injury
  • Provides guidance on the care of any acutely ill neurologic patient and the medically complicated patient
  • All chapters were written and closely edited by Mayo Clinic faculty

Section I: Fundamentals of Critical Care
1. Respiratory Physiology in Critical Illness
Minkyung Kwon, MD and Jose L. Diaz-Gomez, MD
2. Mechanical Ventilation: Basic Modes
Amelia A. Lowell, RRT, RCP
3. Mechanical Ventilation: Advanced Modes
Amelia A. Lowell, RRT, RCP and Bhavesh M. Patel, MD
4. Cardiovascular System in the Critically Ill Patient
Juan G. Ripoll Sanz, MD; Norlalak Jiramethee, MD; and Jose L. Diaz-Gomez, MD
5. Renal Function in Critically Ill Patients
Pramod K. Guru, MBBS, MD
6. Nutrition in Critical Illness
Angela N. Vizzini, RDN, LD/N and Mireille H. Hamdan, RDN, LD/N
Section I: Questions and Answers
Section II: Fundamentals of Neurocritical Care
7. Neurologic Examination in Neurocritical Illness
Eelco F. M. Wijdicks, MD, PhD
8. Intracranial Pressure
Eelco F. M. Wijdicks, MD, PhD and William D. Freeman, MD
9. Cerebrospinal Physiology
Joseph Zachariah, MD
10. Cerebral Circulation and Cerebral Blood Flow
Arnoley S. Abcejo, MD and Jeffrey J. Pasternak, MD
11. Consequences of Anoxia and Ischemia to the Brain
Jennifer E. Fugate, DO
12. Consequences of Acute Metabolic Changes to the Brain
Sherri A. Braksick, MD and Sara E. Hocker, MD
13. Consequences of Acute Hypertension to the Brain
Katherine M. Oshel, MD and Hani M. Wadei, MD
14. Coma and Other Altered States of Consciousness
Eelco F. M. Wijdicks, MD, PhD
15. Neuromuscular Respiratory Failure
Maximiliano A. Hawkes, MD and Eelco F. M. Wijdicks, MD, PhD
16. Neurogenic Breathing Patterns
Eelco F. M. Wijdicks, MD, PhD
17. Neurogenic Cardiac Manifestations
Sherri A. Braksick, MD and Eelco F. M. Wijdicks, MD, PhD
18. Paroxysmal Sympathetic Hyperactivity
Kevin T. Gobeske, MD, PhD
Section II: Questions and Answers
Section III: Critical Care Disorders
Pulmonary Disorders
19. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Richard K. Patch III, MD and James Y. Findlay, MB, ChB
20. Pulmonary Embolism: An Overview
Brandon T. Nokes, MD and Rodrigo Cartin-Ceba, MD
21. Asthma in the Critically Ill Patient
Jonathan J. Danaraj, DO and Augustine S. Lee, MD
22. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbation
Isabel Mira-Avendano, MD and Minkyung Kwon, MD
23. Pleural Diseases in Critical Care Medicine
Karthika R. Linga, MBBS and Neal M. Patel, MD
24. Pulmonary Malignancy
Ali A. Zaied, MD and Margaret M. Johnson, MD
25. Pulmonary Hypertension and Right-Sided Heart Failure in the Critically Ill
Charles D. Burger, MD
Cardiovascular Disorders
26. Anaphylaxis and Anaphylactic Shock
Megan S. Motosue, MD and Gerald W. Volcheck, MD
27. Cardiogenic Shock
Robert A. Ratzlaff, DO and Jason L. Siegel, MD
28. Acute Coronary Syndrome
Siva S. Ketha, MD and Juan Carlos Leoni Moreno, MD
29. Cardiac Rhythm and Conduction Disturbances
Yahaira Ortiz Gonzalez, MD and Fred Kusumoto, MD
30. Hypertensive Emergencies
Denzil R. Hill, MD and James A. Onigkeit, MD
31. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Richard K. Patch III, MD
32. Vascular Emergencies of the Aorta
Tariq Almerey, MD; January F. Moore; and Houssam Farres, MD
Acute Endocrine Disorders
33. Pituitary Apoplexy
Sherri A. Braksick, MD
34. Diabetes Insipidus
Dana Erickson, MD
35. Panhypopituitarism
Diane Donegan, MB, BCh and Irina Bancos, MD
36. Thyroid Disorders in the Intensive Care Unit
John E. Moss, MD
37. Glycemic Control in Neurocritically Ill Patients
Carla P. Venegas-Borsellino, MD; Michael A. Pizzi, DO, PhD; and Santiago Naranjo-Sierra, MD
38. Adrenal Insufficiency in Neurocritically Ill Patients
Carla P. Venegas-Borsellino, MD and Santiago Naranjo-Sierra, MD
Gastrointestinal Disorders
39. Acute Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage
Pablo Moreno Franco, MD and Philip E. Lowman, MD
40. Paralytic and Obstructive Ileus
Juan M. Canabal, MD
41. Acute Liver Failure
James Y. Findlay, MB, ChB
42. Acute Perforations of the Gastrointestinal Tract
Levan Tsamalaidze, MD and John A. Stauffer, MD
43. Acute Vascular Disorders of the Intestine
Omar Y. Mousa, MBBS and Surakit Pungpapong, MD
44. Abdominal Compartment Syndrome
Daniel J. Johnson, MD
Renal Disorders
45. Acute Kidney Injury
Ankit Sakhuja, MBBS and Kianoush B. Kashani, MD
46. Acid-Base Disorders
Onur Demirci, MD
47. Drug Dosing in Renal Failure
Daniel A. Jackson, PharmD, RPh
48. Principles of Renal Replacement Therapies
Peter M. Fitzpatrick, MD
49. Disorders of Water and Electrolyte Balance
Yuzana Zaw, MBBS and Mira T. Keddis, MD
Hematologic and Inflammatory Disorders
50. Anemia and Blood Transfusion
Joy D. Hughes, MD; Mariela Rivera, MD; and Myung S. Park, MD, MS
51. Hematologic and Oncologic Complications in the Intensive Care Unit
Carl A. Ruthman, MD and Jose C. Yataco, MD
52. Thrombocytopenia and Thrombocytopathy
Gretchen Johns, MD
53. Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation: Clinical Diagnosis and Management
Prakash Vishnu, MBBS and Sikander Ailawadhi, MD
54. Diagnosis and Management of Acquired Bleeding Disorders
Rajiv K. Pruthi, MBBS
55. Anticoagulation Monitoring and Reversal
Theresa N. Kinard, MD
56. Therapeutic Plasma Exchange for Acute Hematologic Disorders
Jill Adamski, MD, PhD
57. Rheumatologic and Autoimmune Emergencies
Megan L. Krause, MD and Kevin G. Moder, MD
Sepsis and Other Infectious Diseases
58. Infectious Diseases Complicating Critical Care
David A. Sotello Aviles, MD and Walter C. Hellinger, MD
59. Antibiotics in the Intensive Care Unit
David A. Sotello Aviles, MD and Walter C. Hellinger, MD
60. Sepsis and Septic Shock
Charles R. Sims III, MD and Thomas B. Comfere, MD
Dermatologic Concerns
61. Dermatologic Emergencies in the Intensive Care Unit
Matthew R. Hall, MD
Trauma and Burns
62. Initial Approach to the Management of Multisystem Trauma
David S. Morris, MD
63. Chest and Abdominal Trauma
Joy D. Hughes, MD and David S. Morris, MD
64. Skeletal Trauma
Joshua S. Bingham, MD and Kevin J. Renfree, MD
65. Burns and Electrical Injuries
Brandon T. Nokes, MD and Ayan Sen, MD
Cardiothoracic Critical Care
66. Cardiothoracic Surgery and Postoperative Intensive Care
Juan G. Ripoll Sanz, MD and Robert A. Ratzlaff, DO
67. Mechanical Circulatory Assist Devices
Ayan Sen, MD and Bhavesh M. Patel, MD
68. Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
J. Kyle Bohman, MD and Gregory J. Schears, MD
69. Cardiac Pacing in the Intensive Care Unit
J. William Schleifer, MD; Farouk Mookadam, MB, BCh; and Harish Ramakrishna, MD
Transplant Critical Care
70. Clinical Management of Heart Transplant Recipients
Arzoo Sadiqi, BS and Jama Jahanyar, MD, PhD
71. Critical Care of Heart-Lung and Lung Transplant Recipients
Ramachandra R. Sista, MD
72. Clinical Management of Liver Transplant Recipients
Bhargavi Gali, MD
73. Clinical Management of Kidney Transplant Recipients
James A. Onigkeit, MD
74. Small Intestinal Transplant
Ayan Sen, MD
Toxicity and Toxins
75. Serotonin Syndrome
Kevin T. Gobeske, MD, PhD and Eelco F. M. Wijdicks, MD, PhD
76. Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome and Hyperthermia
J. Ross Renew, MD and Monica Mordecai, MD
77. Clinical Toxicology: Selected Drugs of Abuse and Chemical and Biological Warfare Agents
Matthew D. Sztajnkrycer, MD, PhD
Section III: Questions and Answers
Section IV: Neurocritical Illness
Acute Cerebrovascular Disorders
78. Diagnosis and Management of Hemispheric Infarction
Sanjeet S. Grewal, MD and Benjamin L. Brown, MD
79. Basilar Artery Occlusion
Michael R. Pichler, MD and Jennifer E. Fugate, DO
80. Carotid Artery Disease
Nnenna Mbabuike MD and Rabih G. Tawk, MD
81. Adult Primary Central Nervous System Vasculitis
Carlo Salvarani, MD; Robert D. Brown Jr, MD, MPH; and Gene G. Hunder, MD
82. Intracerebral and Intraventricular Hemorrhage
Oana Dumitrascu, MD and Maria I. Aguilar, MD
83. Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Giuseppe Lanzino, MD and Biagia La Pira, MD
84. Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations
Kelly D. Flemming, MD and Michael J. Link, MD
85. Cerebral Venous and Dural Sinus Thrombosis
Sara E. Hocker, MD
86. Cervical Arterial Dissection
Bart M. Demaerschalk, MD
Traumatic Brain and Spine Injury
87. Traumatic Brain and Spinal Cord Injury
Maya Babu, MD
88. Traumatic Epidural and Subdural Hematomas
Patrick R. Maloney, MD and Michelle J. Clarke, MD
89. Unstable Spinal Fractures
William E. Clifton III, MD and Mark A. Pichelmann, MD
Acute Central Nervous System Infections
90. Encephalitis
Allen J. Aksamit Jr, MD
91. Acute Bacterial Meningitis
Eelco F. M. Wijdicks, MD, PhD
92. Brain Abscess and Spinal Epidural Abscess
Selby G. Chen, MD
Acute Neuromuscular Disorders
93. Myasthenia Gravis
Maximiliano A. Hawkes, MD and Eelco F. M. Wijdicks, MD, PhD
94. Guillain-Barré Syndrome
Eelco F. M. Wijdicks, MD, PhD
95. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Jennifer M. Martinez-Thompson, MD and Nathan P. Staff, MD, PhD
96. Rhabdomyolysis and Toxic Myopathies
Justin C. Kao, MB, ChB and Margherita Milone, MD, PhD
97. Myopathy and Neuropathy Acquired in the Intensive Care Unit
Priya S. Dhawan, MD and Jennifer A. Tracy, MD
Miscellaneous Disorders of Acute Brain Injury
98. Status Epilepticus
Christopher P. Robinson, DO, MS and Sara E. Hocker, MD
99. Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome
Sudhir V. Datar, MBBS and Jennifer E. Fugate, DO
100. Demyelinating Disorders of the Central Nervous System
Aurelia A. Smith, MD and Brian G. Weinshenker, MD
101. Rapidly Progressive Dementia and Coma
Prasuna Kamireddi, MBBS; Jason L. Siegel, MD; and Dennis W. Dickson, MD
Neuro-oncology
102. Brain and Spine Tumors
Mithun Sattur, MBBS; Matthew E. Welz, MS; and Bernard R. Bendok, MD
103. Neoplastic Meningitis
Alyx B. Porter, MD
104. Autoimmune Encephalitis
Eslam Shosha, MB, BCh and Sean J. Pittock, MD
105. Radiation Therapy
Sameer R. Keole, MD
Postoperative Neurosurgery
106. Intensive Care After Spinal Surgery
Clarence B. Watridge, MD
107. Intensive Care After Craniotomy
Kelly Gassie, MD; Belinda G. Bradley, APRN; Robert E. Wharen Jr, MD; and Betty Y. S. Kim, MD, PhD
108. Intensive Care After Neuroendovascular Procedures
Mithun Sattur, MBBS; Chandan Krishna, MD; Bernard R. Bendok, MD; and Brian W. Chong, MD
Section IV: Questions and Answers
Section V: Imaging in Critical Illness
109. Radiography and Computed Tomography of the Chest
Barbara L. McComb, MD
110. Abdominal Radiography
Joseph G. Cernigliaro, MD
111. Fluoroscopy: Principles and Safety
David M. Sella, MD; Glenn M. Sturchio, PhD; and Beth A. Schueler, PhD
112. Ultrasonography
Santiago Naranjo-Sierra, MD and Lauren K. Ng Tucker, MD
113. Transesophageal Echocardiography
Ryan C. Craner, MD; Farouk Mookadam, MB, BCh; and Harish Ramakrishna, MD
Section V: Questions and Answers
Section VI: Procedures
Airway Procedures and Modes of Ventilation
114. Basics of Airway and Oxygen Delivery Devices
Andrew W. Murray, MD
115. Endotracheal Intubation Procedures
Matthew J. Ritter, MD
116. Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation
Karen W. Hampton, MS, RRT
117. Tracheostomy
Saba Ghorab, MD and David G. Lott, MD
118. Diagnostic and Interventional Bronchoscopy in the Intensive Care Unit
Cesar A. Keller, MD
Cardiovascular Cardiopulmonary Monitoring and Access
119. Electrocardiographic Monitoring
Pragnesh P. Parikh, MD and K. L. Venkatachalam, MD
120. Hemodynamic Monitoring
Hannelisa E. Callisen, PA-C; Stacy L. Libricz, PA-C, MS; and Ayan Sen, MD
121. Pulmonary Artery Catheterization
Philip E. Lowman, MD
122. Thoracentesis and Chest Tubes
Staci E. Beamer, MD
123. Central Line Placement
Nicholas D. Will, MD and W. Brian Beam, MD
124. Interventional Radiology Procedures
Rahmi Oklu, MD, PhD
Neuromonitoring and Procedures
125. Intracranial Pressure Monitoring and External Ventricular Drainage
Maya Babu, MD and John L. D. Atkinson, MD
126. Lumbar Puncture
Christina C. Smith, APRN
127. Lumbar Drain
Jamie J. Van Gompel, MD
128. Intraventricular Drug Administration
William W. Horn Jr, APRN and Benjamin L. Brown, MD
129. Transcranial Doppler Ultrasonography
Mark N. Rubin, MD
130. Electroencephalography
Amy Z. Crepeau, MD
131. Essentials of Multimodal Brain Monitoring
Jennifer E. Fugate, DO
132. Essentials of Cranial Neuroimaging
E. Paul Lindell, MD
Section VI: Questions and Answers
Section VII: Pharmacotherapeutics
133. Anticonvulsant Drugs
Anteneh M. Feyissa, MD and Jeffrey W. Britton, MD
134. Effects of Targeted Temperature Management on Drugs
Lauren K. Ng Tucker, MD
135. Sedation and Analgesia
Juan G. Ripoll Sanz, MD and Jose L. Diaz-Gomez, MD
136. Inotropes, Vasopressors, and Intravenous Antihypertensive Agents
Juan N. Pulido, MD
137. Antibiotics, Antivirals, and Antifungals
David A. Sotello Aviles, MD and Walter C. Hellinger, MD
Section VII: Questions and Answers
Section VIII: Ethics in the Neurointensive Care Unit
138. Palliative and End-of-Life Care in the Intensive Care Unit
Maisha T. Robinson, MD
139. Communicating With Families
Cory Ingram, MD
140. Brain Death
Eelco F. M. Wijdicks, MD, PhD
141. Minimally Conscious State and Persistent Vegetative State
David T. Jones, MD
142. Ethical Concerns and Care Before Organ Donation
Diane C. McLaughlin, APRN and Lauren K. Ng Tucker, MD
Section VIII: Questions and Answers
Index

Edited by Eelco F. M. Wijdicks, MD, PhD, Chair, Division of Critical Care Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Edited by James Y. Findlay, MB, ChB, Associate Professor of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science, Edited by William D. Freeman, MD, FNCS, Professor of Neurology and of Neurosurgery, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science, and Edited by Ayan Sen, MD, MSc, FCCP, FACEP, Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine and of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science

Eelco Wijdicks is a Professor of Neurology at the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine. He is also the Chair of the Division of Critical Care Neurology and a Consultant at the Neurological Neurosurgical Intensive Care Unit in Saint Mary's Hospital, Mayo Clinic.

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