Grainger & Allison's Diagnostic Radiology Essentials

Grainger & Allison's Diagnostic Radiology Essentials
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ISBN: 9780702073113
Anul publicării: 2019
Ediția: 2
Pagini: 1034
Categoria: Radiology


With up-to-date, easy-access coverage of every aspect of diagnostic radiology, Grainger and Allison’s Diagnostic Radiology Essentials, 2nd Edition, is an ideal review and reference for radiologists in training and in practice. This comprehensive overview of fundamental information in the field prepares you for exams and answers the practical questions you encounter every day. In a single, convenient volume, this one-stop resource is derived from, and cross-referenced to, the renowned authoritative reference work Grainger & Allison’s Diagnostic Radiology, 6th Edition.


1. Chest
1. 1 Chest wall and Pleura
Chest wall: bony and soft tissue lesions
Diseases of the pleura
Pleural effusion
Diaphragmatic hernia / eventration
1. 2 Mediastinum
Anterior mediastinal masses
Middle mediastinal masses
Posterior mediastinal masses
Miscellaneous mediastinal masses
Pericardial conditions
1. 3 Pulmonary infection
Lobar pneumonia
Bronchopneumonia, anaerobic and atypical pneumonia
Pulmonary tuberculosis
Fungal infections
Metazoal and protozoal diseases
Pulmonary complications of HIV infection
1. 4 Large airway disease
Tracheal disorders
Congenital airway disorders
Chronic bronchitis and asthma
Miscellaneous airway disorders
1. 5 Pulmonary lobar collapse
Mechanisms and radiographic appearances
Patterns of lobar collapse
1. 6 Pulmonary neoplasms
Evaluation of the solitary pulmonary nodule
Lung cancer: radiological features
Lung cancer: pearls
Lymphoproliferative disorders
Benign pulmonary tumours
Miscellaneous pulmonary malignancies
1. 7 High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT)
HRCT patterns of diffuse lung disease
Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias
Connective tissue diseases
Systemic vasculitides
Drug induced lung disease
Silicosis/coal worker's pneumoconiosis
Asbestos-related disease
Miscellaneous interstitial lung diseases
1. 8 Chest trauma
Chest wall and lung trauma
Trauma to the diaphragm
Mediastinal trauma
1. 9 Airspace disease
Airspace disease
1. 10 Paediatric chest
Congenital chest abnormalities
Causes of neonatal respiratory distress
Normal paediatric chest and problems with mechanical ventilation
1. 11 Miscellaneous ITU chest conditions
Lung transplantation
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
ITU chest imaging
2. Cardiovascular System
2. 1 Congenital heart disease (introduction)
Cyanotic congenital heart disease
Acyanotic congenital heart disease
Anomalies of the aortic arch (vascular rings)
Septal defects
Acyanotic heart disease
Other anomalies
2. 2 Non-ischaemic acquired heart disease
Acquired mitral valve disease
Acquired aortic valve disease
Tricuspid and pulmonary valve disease
Cardiac tumours
Cardiac trauma
2. 3 Pulmonary circulation and thromboembolism
Pulmonary thromboembolic disease
Pulmonary vascular patterns
2. 4 The aorta
Aortic rupture
Aortic dissection
Mid-aortic syndrome and Takaysu's disease of the aorta
Aortic occlusive disease
Aortic aneurysms
2. 5 Peripheral vascular disease
Gastrointestinal vascular disorders
Carotid artery stenosis
Peripheral vascular disease of the lower extremities
Disorders of the venous system
Miscellaneous vascular disorders
2. 6 Ischaemic heart disease
Conventional coronary angiography and echocardiography
CT imaging in ischaemic heart disease
MR imaging in ischaemic heart disease
Nuclear cardiac imaging
Manifestations of atheromatous coronary artery disease
2. 7 Interventional vascular radiology techniques
Interventional vascular radiology techniques
3. Gastrointestinal
3. 1 Oesophagus
Hiatus hernia and reflux
Oesophagitis and benign strictures
Benign and malignant oesophageal tumours
Oesophageal carcinoma
Oesophageal dysmotility disorders
Oesophageal atresia (OA) and tracehooesphageal fistula (TOF)
Miscellaneous oesophageal conditions
3. 2 Stomach
Benign gastric ulcers
Benign and malignant gastric tumours
Gastric carcinoma
Gastric surgery
Miscellaneous gastric conditions
3. 3 Duodenum
Peptic ulceration, gastric heterotopia, duodenal diverticula
Benign and malignant duodenal tumours
Miscellaneous duodenal conditions
3. 4 Small bowel
Crohn's disease
Infections / infestations of the small bowel
Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) and carcinoid tumours
Benign and malignant small bowel tumours
Causes of small bowel obstruction
Miscellaneous small bowel conditions
3. 5 Colon
Ulcerative colitis and toxic megacolon
Polyposis syndromes
Colorectal cancer
Diverticulosis and large bowel strictures
Large bowel obstruction
Miscellaneous disorders of the large bowel
3. 6 Liver
Anatomy and imaging techniques
Benign diffuse liver disease
Benign solid liver lesions
Malignant solid liver lesions
Hepatic vascular lesions
Miscellaneous liver conditions
Liver transplantation and interventional techniques
Diffusion-weighted MR imaging of the liver
MR contrast agents and the liver
3. 7 Biliary
Methods of investigation
Cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis
Miscellaneous gallbladder conditions
Benign biliary strictures
Malignant biliary tumours
Biliary atresia and hypoplasia
Miscellaneous bile duct disorders
Biliary interventional techniques
3. 8 Pancreas
Congenital abnormalities
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma
Cystic pancreatic tumours
Endocrine and islet cell pancreatic tumours
Pancreatic trauma, transplant and intervention
3. 9 Spleen
Miscellaneous splenic conditions
3. 10 Peritoneum, mesentery and omentum
Benign disease
Neoplastic peritoneal/omental disorders
Developmental anomalies of the mesentery
Infective/inflammatory conditions of the mesentery
Neoplastic mesenteric disorders
3. 11 Plain abdominal radiograph
Abnormal gas distribution
3. 12 Paediatric Gastrointestinal disorders
Abdominal wall defects
Gastrointestinal causes of neonatal vomiting
Delayed passage of meconium
Abdominal manifestations of cystic fibrosis
Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC)
Anorectal malformations
Neuroblastoma (NB)
4. Genitourinary
4. 1 Kidneys
Renal parenchymal disease
Renal tract infection/inflammation
Renal artery stenosis (RAS)
Renal vascular abnormalities
Benign renal masses
Renal parenchymal malignancies
Other malignancies
Transitional cell carcinoma of the upper urinary tract
Renal failure
Renal transplantation: assessment
Renal transplantation: postoperative complications
Methods of imaging in obstruction
Dilatation of the urinary tract
Upper urinary tract trauma
4. 2 Bladder
Miscellaneous bladder conditions
Bladder tumours
Lower urinary tract trauma
4. 3 Prostate
Prostate: benign disorders
Carcinoma of the prostate
Prostate anatomy and imaging
4. 4 Urethra
Urethra: benign disorders
Tumours of the urethra
4. 5 Male reproductive system
Cryptoorchidism and testicular torsion
Primary testicular malignancies
Miscellaneous scrotal lesions
Miscellaneous penile conditions
4. 6 Paediatric genitourinary disorders
Congenital renal anomalies
Duplex kidney
Congenital renal cystic disease
Childhood renal malignancies
Paediatric pelvic and scrotal malignancies
5. Musculoskeletal System
5. 1 Skeletal trauma     
Assessment of cervical spine injuries
Spinal injuries
Shoulder injuries
Upper extremity injuries
Carpal bone injuries
Wrist and hand injuries
Pelvic injuries
Hip injuries  
Avascular necrosis of the hip
Knee and lower leg fractures        
Knee soft tissue injuries 
Ankle injuries
Foot injuries           
5. 2 Paediatric fractures
Specific paediatric fractures
Radiology of non-accidental injury
Skeletal injuries in non-accidental injury
5. 3 Soft tissue imaging        
Localized calcification and ossification
Generalized soft tissue calcification          
Soft tissue masses
5. 4 General characteristics of bone tumours        
General characteristics of bone tumours
5. 5 Benign bone tumours
Chondroid origin  
Osteoid origin
Osteoid origin/tumours of neural tissue
Cystic lesions  
Giant cell tumour/lipomatous bone lesions          
Fibrous origin           
Vascular origin            
Miscellaneous bone lesions  
5. 6 Malignant bone tumours        
Chondroid origin
Other varieties of osteosarcoma
Fibrous origin
Medullary origin            
Miscellaneous malignant bone tumours        
Bone metastases 
5. 7 Metabolic and endocrine skeletal disease       
Vitamin D deficiency
Endocrine bone disorders
Metabolic bone disorders
5. 8 Joint disease        
Haemophilic and neuropathic arthropathies 
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis and DISH
Rheumatoid arthritis
Seronegative spondyloarthropathy
Depositional arthropathy
Polyarthritis associated with other diseases
5. 9 Bone and soft tissue infection        
Acute osteomyelitis      
Chronic osteomyelitis    
Miscellaneous bone and soft tissue infections
5. 10 Congenital skeletal anomalies
Developmental skeletal anomalies
Selected osteochondrodysplasias
Localized disorders of the skeleton
5. 11 Myeloproliferative disorders
Reticuloendothelial disorders
White cell disorders
Plasma cell dyscrasias
6. Women's Imaging
6. 1 Breast
Benign mass lesions
Invasive breast carcinoma
Contrast-enhanced MRI in breast cancer
6. 2 Gynaecology
Imaging techniques in gynaecology
Congenital anomalies of the female genital tract
Benign uterine conditions
Endometrial carcinoma
Carcinoma of the cervix
Benign ovarian tumours
Endometriosis, polycystic ovaries and physiological ovarian cysts
Ovarian carcinoma
Miscellaneous gynaecological conditions
7. Neuroradiology
7. 1 Intracranial tumours in adults
Imaging techniques and general features
Classification of intracranial tumours
Infratentorial tumours
Supratentorial tumours
Extra-axial tumours
Meningioma and skull base tumours
Cerebral and meningeal metastases
Intraventricular tumours
Pituitary region tumours
Pineal region tumours
7. 2 Cerebrovascular disease and non-traumatic haemorrhage
Cerebral ischaemia
Other patterns of cerebrovascular disease
Carotid and vertebral artery dissection
Non-traumatic intracranial haemorrhage
Cerebral artery aneurysms
Arteriovenous malformations
7. 3 Brain infection, AIDS and demyelinating diseases
Intracranial infection
HIV infection and AIDS
Demyelinating and inflammatory disorders
7. 4 Brain trauma, degenerative disorders and epilepsy
Head injury
Primary and secondary cerebral injury
Dementias and epilepsy
Skull bone disease
7. 5 Paediatric neuroradiology
Cerebellar malformations
Chiari malformations
Cerebral malformations
Malformations of neuronal migration and cortical organization
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1)
Neurocutaneous syndromes
Inborn metabolic brain disorders
Congenital skull anomalies
Congenital intracranial infections
Paediatric meningitis
Hypoxic-ischaemic injury in the developing brain
Brain injury in non-accidental injury (NAI)
7. 6 The spine
Spinal dysraphism
Congenital spinal anomalies
Skeletal abnormalities
Vascular spinal lesions
Spinal tumours
Infective/inflammatory disorders of the spine
Spinal cord trauma and the postoperative spine
Degenerative spinal disease
7. 7 The orbit
The orbit
Conal and extraconal disorders
Intraconal disorders
7. 8 Ear, nose and throat radiology
Selected disorders of the ear
Nose and paranasal sinuses
The nasopharynx
Disorders of the oropharynx, larynx and soft tissues of the neck
7. 9 Dental radiology
Mandibular / maxillary cystic lesions
Tumours of bone
Facial trauma
Salivary glands
Salivary gland disorders
8. Miscellaneous
8. 1 Endocrine System
Thyroid cancer
Miscellaneous thyroid disorders
Non-functional adrenal disorders
Adrenal hyperfunction
8. 2 Lymphoma
Lymph node disease in lymphoma
CNS lymphoma
Pulmonary lymphoma
Lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract
Musculoskeletal lymphoma
Extranodal manifestations of lymphoma
Monitoring response to therapy in lymphoma
9. Appendix
9. 1 General Pearls
9. 2 Anatomy Pearls
9. 3 Radiology techniques
Specialised MRI techniques in neuroimaging
Positron emission tomography (PET)-CT in oncology imaging
9. 4 Pearls in musculoskeletal imaging and pathology
Pearls in pathology
Pearls in musculoskeletal imaging
9. 5 Patterns of tumour spread
9. 6 TNM staging of common cancers


By Lee A Grant, MBChB, BA (Oxon), MRCS, FRCR, Consultant Radiologist, The Royal Free NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK and Nyree Griffin, MB, ChB, MD, MRCS, FRCR, Consultant Radiologist, Guy’s and St Thomas’s NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK


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